What Is Business Process Outsourcing?

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What is BPO?

Business Process Outsourcing, simply known as BPO,  is a practice of contracting specific business-related operations to third-party vendors.

Outsourcing can concern buying, accounting, software creation, site support, and repeating assignments, for example, calling the management or executives. These processes are covered mainly by a drawn-out contract and are then assigned to another organization outside of the organization. Over the long run, companies in different ventures have adopted this practice. Presently, the utilization of BPO has expanded so much that organizations, agencies, and associations of all kinds (i.e., profit businesses, nonprofits, and even government offices and agencies) contract with BPO service providers in the United States, throughout North America, and across the world to perform numerous processes.

Business Process Outsourcing Back Office vs Front Office

Back Office vs Front Office

There are two main areas of work of Business Process Outsourcing: back office and front office.

Back Office Outsourcing

Back office Outsourcing is the process of outsourcing low-value office routines to a specific outsider vendor. Back office outsourcing assists associations with adjusting their core business and also helps in freeing up their in-house HR. Back Office Outsourcing is also referred to as internal business functions. The functions that the back-office deals with include; accounting, information technology services, human resources, quality analysis, and payment processing. Front-office functions include customer relations services, marketing, and sales.

Front Office Outsourcing

Front office Outsourcing is the process that outsources tasks, including customer services, such as marketing or tech support. It is an excellent resource that Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) provides. The functions that the front office deals with include telemarketing, customer care, technical support, help desk support, and appointment scheduling.


Types of BPO

Onshore Outsourcing

Onshore outsourcing, also known as domestic outsourcing, deals with outsourcing business functions to a company or an organization within the same country where the business operates. It is becoming increasingly popular with companies that are pulling their operations back to their home countries. Benefits of onshore outsourcing include cheaper travel expenses, same/similar time zones, identical culture, and sometimes easier legal compliance. 

The cost of labor is not as high as offshore outsourcing. However, some experienced businessmen argue that onshore outsourcing is just as competitive an option for business owners when considering all things. However, problems that can be caused due to a mismatch in expectations can be more easily resolved because of cheaper travel costs and the same time zones.

Pros of Onshore Outsourcing

  • Near You: The main benefit of employing an onshore company is that they are near your business. That implies it tends to be simpler for you to screen the tasks you have moved to them.

  • Communication is simple: The best thing about working with an onshore company is that you speak the same language. Accordingly, you can see each other quite well, and there are no time-region confusions.

  • Guidelines: Managing an onshore company implies that you are both represented by similar policies. In this way, it is not difficult to discern whether the onshore company doesn’t consent to your nation’s guidelines and raises caution.

Cons of Onshore Outsourcing

  • High work cost: Homegrown specialists usually order a high rate for similar administrations offered by offshore organizations. That implies you need to go through more cash while working with an onshore company.

  • Restricted work market: While employing locally, you restrict yourself to only one geographic district while looking for ability. By utilizing an offshore company, you are pulling from numerous geographic locales and can guarantee that you are getting the best possible talent within your country.

If you are considering onshore outsourcing, you can check our list of the top 10 Outsourcing companies in the USA.

Offshore Outsourcing

BPO is defined as Offshore Outsourcing when the contract is sent to another country due to one of the following reasons: political stability in that specific offshore country and lower labor costs or lower taxes.

One of the most significant advantages of  BPO companies is that they increase the speed of the business processes outsourced to them. They have a perfect response time, and the clients can focus on the core activities. This fragmentation of activities speeds up the whole process and is very important in cases like customer service.

For example, a company in the United States may use an offshore BPO vendor in England.

Pros of Offshore Outsourcing

  • Low work cost: The real benefit of outsourcing to an offshore company is that the work cost is low contrasted with employing homegrown laborers.
  • Quality: Offshore organizations have talented laborers that offer quality administrations that can meet all your particular necessities.
  • Communication: Offshore organizations consistently stay in contact with their clients either through telephone or email.

Cons of Offshore Outsourcing

  • Cultural contrasts: You may encounter social differences while managing an offshore company. Regardless of whether they communicate in English, it may not be their first language. Make sure to be cautious while passing out guidelines to try not to come out as rude.

  • Comfort Zone: Many companies have problems adjusting to a new workforce that is offshore and has different perspectives on culture, sports, and language. For many executives with limited global exposure, this can create barriers that are can affect perception and understanding.    Many business executives have never worked outside of their home country and will require an adjustment.

  • Data Security – You will need a BPO partner that will implement your IT security policies to your standards. Often – companies that use BPOs often forget to review and implement policies regarding their data and security.  

Nearshore Sourcing

Nearshore outsourcing is the act of completing work or administration performed by individuals in neighboring countries instead of in your own country. Numerous organizations in the US, for instance, re-appropriate work to Canada and Mexico. Geographic vicinity implies that movement and correspondences are simpler and more affordable. There will probably be a few shared characteristics and cultures between the way of life, and individuals are bound to communicate in a similar language.


Why Consider Business Process Outsourcing?

What is business process outsourcing - Why Consider Outsourcing

American organizations decide to outsource for several reasons. A few groups accept that organizations are solely after the tax cut related to outsourcing occupations, or “delivery occupations abroad, as some political advertisements guarantee. As per PolitiFact, this is an imperfect notion. PolitiFact yields tax reductions for a company when it migrates, regardless of whether out of the country or to an alternate state. Yet, there is no particular tax reduction or escape clause in the U.S. charge code identified with outsourcing.

What is important to this belief is that the U.S. corporate annual duty is the greatest in the created world (39.1 percent). Accordingly, organizations in the United States profit by outsourcing activities to nations with a lower annual duty since organizations pay the pace of their host country. Furthermore, organizations refer to numerous motivations to participate in outsourcing:

  • To diminish costs: Outsourcing reduces expenses for in-house work, especially for staffing and preparing, and for the workspace to oblige neighborhood representatives. An outsourcing company genuinely situated in a non-industrial nation use cheaper work markets. Finally, outsourcing empowers organizations to utilize variable-cost models, similar to expenses for administration plans, rather than fixed-cost models required while holding neighborhood workers.

  • To focus on key capacities: Outsourcing permits organizations to focus on their fundamental contributions rather than company works that aren’t straightforwardly attached to their center cycles. For instance, while outsourcing, the company will not need to screen the finance bookkeeper’s presentation. Maybe, it can zero in its energies on featuring its business differentiators and amplifying by significant development. These activities can help a company’s upper hand and upgrade its communications with the worth chain. The company can now benefit from improved consumer loyalty and expanded benefits.

  • To accomplish better outcomes in non-core functions: Outsourcing organizations have practical experience in what is considered non-core functions of different organizations, conveying elite abilities to their customers. Indeed, an outsourcing company that puts resources into specific cycles and advances can give a forefront leap forwards to its customers. For instance, a gaming configuration company might not have any desire to pay for the most recent finance program available. Yet, an outsourcing business that offers finance administrations would probably make that venture profit from its exhibition, just like its customers.

  • To extend their worldwide presence: Some outsourcing organizations can serve clients in different dialects nonstop, subsequently calming the neighborhood company of the duty. Outsourcing organizations can use their essence in various nations and stay with the nearby repetitive divisions to a base. For instance, WNS Worldwide has 37 “conveyance focuses” worldwide and has some expertise in business measure executives.

  • To empower adaptability: Organizations that outsource their non-critical functions can act more rapidly and proficiently while dealing with the dangers of presenting new environments or administrations. They can likewise reassign their inner assets to more basic capacities to help guarantee better inclusion and allot obligation.

  • To improve speed and effectiveness: Organizations that outsource measures are picking to allow experts to deal with those assignments, accordingly saving time, improving exactness, and expanding their ability. For instance, a BPO representing considerable authority in records, the executives can naturally list archives, making them accessible for recovery and staying consistent with lawful necessities. This replaces manual information passage and capacity.

Risks and Disadvantages of BPO

  • No complete control over functions: A few organizations lend themselves to BPO better than others. For instance, if your company requires a lot of adaptability for specific business spaces, it very well might be more competent to deal with those functions in-house where you’ll have involved control consistently.

  • Trust Issues: Another disadvantage to business process outsourcing is the danger of trusting another company to deal with your business’s vital functions and routines. If they fail or go bankrupt, it can place your own company in a difficult position. That is the reason it is so critical to work with reliable outsourcing.

  • Security Hazards: At the point when you outsource business processes, you’re confiding in another company with your touchy data. Ensure the company you pick has a decent standing and first-class security.

  • Accumulation period of staff: Depending on an outside organization instead of an in-house department for specific business functions can take some accumulation time for your employees.
  • Other Hidden Expenses: This should not be an issue if you read the agreement cautiously. Simply ensure you take time and effort to go over the contract and understand what you’re pursuing.

Examples of BPO

The below-mentioned organizations are some of the most popular and well-known firms that leverage the benefits of outsourcing companies around the world:

  • Google
  • Alibaba
  • WhatsApp
  • Basecamp
  • Skype
  • Slack
  • GitHub
  • Opera
  • MySQL
  • Apple


Wrapping things up, Business Process Outsourcing has its fair share of pros and cons, but the pros outshine the cons overall. As it diminishes labor costs, it allows organizations to focus on critical capacities and accomplish better outcomes in non-core functions, thus extending their worldwide presence. Choosing between BPO types such as onshore and offshore outsourcing is entirely up to the businesses and their financial and geographical positions, as both have their advantages and disadvantages. If done correctly, Business Process Outsourcing is a great way to get business exposure and experience.

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